Page images
PDF
EPUB

ments appeared to His Majesty, modifications calculated to remove such impediments as arose from the peculiar views and institutions of this Country, were anxiously solicited; and when it was finally ascertained that the objections of the American Cabinet, extending as they still do, over the whole body of the existing Conventions, remained in its opinion insuperable, I did myself the honour to request information at your hands of any other plan of concert, equally efficient, which the American Government might feel themselves at liberty to suggest. This last appeal was made in full reliance on the firm and unvarying determination of the Government to continue their best exertions for the suppression of the Slave-trade.

With respect to the comparative efficiency of the measures proposed on either side, you may rest assured, Sir, that His Majesty's Ministers will be the first to rejoice whenever experience shall confirm the advantages which you ascribe to those of your own Government. To root out the common evil is their sole object in this business; and if they are unable to regard the expedient of instructing the respective Cruizers on the African Coast to act in concert, as a complete substitate for the mutual right of search, the reasons of that impression are by no means difficult to conceive. It is notorious that during the late War, when Great Britain exercised the belligerent right of search, the Slave-trade was rapidly diminished; and that since she has ceased to possess that advantage, it has proportionably revived. It would, perhaps, be unfair to attribute these effects exclusively to the right of visit. But when every allowance is made for the change of authority, which several of the West India Colonies have successively undergone; there can be no question that during the late Wars, the Slave-trader was mainly deterred from his nefarious pursuits, by knowing that no 'Flag which he might hoist could secure him from the detection of a belligerent Cruizer.

It would be idle to depreciate the importance which you attach to the universal adoption of this practice, as requisite for its complete success; but in order to become universal, it must first be gradually embraced, and its efficiency, no doubt, will prove commensurate with its progress. Its first effect is to double the powers of every Cruizer commissioned by the respective Parties to act against the Slave-trade; an agreement to that purport between Great Britain and The United States, would give to every British and every American Cruizer the same means of counteracting that odious Traffick, which, under a system of common Instructions, can only be exercised by 2 Ships of either Flag, when sailing in company. Supposing even that all the Maritime Powers, acceding to the proposal of The United States, were to send out their Squadrons against the Slave-trade, there would clearly be room for evasion, so long as the Flag of each State could serve as a protective from the Cruizers of the rest. It cannot be denied, that, in legal theory, the Flag of the smallest Power might cover the illicit con. veyance of Slaves; but where the property concerned does not belong to a Subject of that Power, but of one which is a Party to the proposed Convention, the Flag thus fraudulently used, could afford it no protection, nor could the State, whose Colours were thus unwarrantably prostituted, conceive itself entitled to interfere.

It cannot be meant to deny, that the presence of the American Squadron on the coast of Africa has been produetive of much good; nor would it be just to withhold from its Commanders that tribute of praise, which their laudable and zealous activity appears to have deserved. But, without inquiring into the number of Cruizers, which The United States

may find it convenient to employ on that Service, or adverting to the natural circumstances which may interfere with their constant attendauce on the Slave Coast, it must be remembered, that the object of the British Government is to combine a general and complete system for the extinction of an evil, which, as yet, the Laws have in vain condemned. It is with reference to this expanded view, that the respective Proposals must be finally considered. Partial measures may have the effect of reaching some particular mode of evasion, and may doubtless be attended with temporary benefit; but it is only to a full and com. prehensive system, depriving the fraudulent Trader of every resource, that the World can look for a perfect cessation of the mischief.

In accord with the friendly sentiments which you have declared, I cannot dismiss this subject, without assuring you of my earnest desire to assist in rendering justice to the intentions and suggestions of the American Government, no less than to remove every appearance of obscurity or misconstruction from those of my own.

I beg, Sir, you will accept the assurances, &c. The Hon. J. Q. Adams.

STRATFORD. CANNING,

DENMARK.

No. 72. (A.)– The Marquess of Londonderry to H. U. Addington, Esq. SIR,

Foreign Office, 26th March, 1822. It being stated in a Memorandum, lately delivered in by M. de Caraman, French Chargé d'Affaires at this Court, an Extract of which is herewith inclosed to you, that, according to the accounts which the French Government receive from their Authorities in the West Indies, facilities are afforded in the Danish Island of St. Thomas, to the carrying on of the Slave-trade under the French Flag, contrary to the Decrees of His Most Christian Majesty and the Laws of France, by the fabrication of false Papers, with the counterfeit Signatures of the French Governors of Guadaloupe and Martinique ; I have received the King's

Commands to request that you will bring this statement to the knowledge of the Danish Government, which will, I am sure, be sufficient to induce them immediately to send directions for making strict inquiries in their Island above-mentioned, as to the practices herein imputed, accompanied with such Orders to their Authorities as shall effectually put a stop to them, should they exist, and prevent their recurrence.

The Danish Government is so well aware of His Majesty's sincere anxiety on this subject, and has so fully co-operated in the measures adopted by that of His Majesty for the extinction of this detestable Traffick, that we address them in this instance with the perfect confidence of obtaining the desired result.

&c. H. U. Addington, Esq.

LONDONDERRY.

I am,

Memorandum.—Dispálches having a similar object to the above, have been addressed to His Majesty's Representatives in Sweden and Holland, with respect to the Islands of St. Bartholomew and St. Eustatius,

CORRESPONDENCE WITH HIS MAJESTY'S

COMMISSIONERS.

LIST OF PAPERS.

....

SIERRA LEONE. No.

1821. Page 73. Messrs. Gregory, and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh...

..... Sierra Leone.....25th Feb. 92 74. Joseph Planta, Jun. Esq. to the British Commissioners

....Foreign Office, ... 27th Feb. 92 75. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh ....

.....Sierra Leone..... 5th April 93 76. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh......

.....Sierra Leone.....16th April 94 77. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh...

...Sierra Leone.....16th April 101 78. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh......

....Sierra Leone..... 5th June 105 Inclosure.-Case of the Portuguese Ship Donna Eugenia.......

106 79. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh......

..Sierra Leone..... 6th June 107 80. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh

Sierra Leone..... 6th June 109 Inclosure.—Case of the Portuguese Brigantipe Constante.....

109 81. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to Viscount Castlereagh ...

..... Sierra Leone..... 7th June 111 Inelosure.—Case of the Spanish Schooner Anna Maria .....

113 No.

1821. Page 82. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry...

..Sierra Leone.....21st June 115 83. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry.

......Sierra Leone .......21st June 116 84. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry.....

...Sierra Leone..... 5th Aug. 116 85. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry..

Sierra Leone.....25ch. Aug. 117 Inclosure.-Case of the Portuguese Brig

Gaviao ....

.... 118

86. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry..

. Sierra Leone.....20th Sept. 120 Inclosure.-Case of the Portuguese Schooner Adelaide.

121 87. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry..

..Sierra Leone.....27th Sept. 122
Inclosure.-Case of the Portuguese Schooner
Conceiçao....

........ 123 88. William Hamilton, Esq. to the British Commissioners.....

. Foreign Office....25th Oct. 123 89. Viscount Sidmoutb to the British Comm..... Foreign Office...... 30th Oct. 124 90. The Marquess of Londonderry to the British Commissioners....

..Foreign Office..... 20th Nov. 195 91. William Hamilton, Esq. to the British Commissioners....

....Foreign Office....13th Nov. 125 92. Joseph Planta, Jun. Esq. to the British Commissioners...

..Foreign Office....20th Nov. 126 93. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess of Londonderry...

Sierra Leone......15th Dec. 126
Inclosure.-Cases of the Spanish Vessels La
Caridad and La Nueva Virgen.....

127 94. Messrs. Gregory and Fitzgerald to the Marquess

1822. of Londonderry....

.....Sierra Leone.....10th Jan, 129 95. The Marquess of Londonderry to the British Commissioners..

Foreign Office....15th Jan. 131 96. The Marquess of Londonderry to the British Commissioners

Foreign Office....10th Mar. 132

HAVANNAH.

1821. 97. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq..Havannah....... 10th Jan. 13: 98. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.. Havannah.... 7th Mar. 13; 99. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.. Havannah. 9th April 15 100. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq. Havannah.. 2d May 13 101. Messsts. Kilbee and Jameson to Viscount Castlereagh ......

.Havannah....... 8th June 13 102. Messrs. Kilbee and Jameson to Viscount Castlereagha........

.... Havannah....... 8th June 13 103. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.Havannah. .. 10th June 13 104. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.Havannah...... 7th July 13 105. H. T. Kilboe, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.Havannab.... 7th July 13 106. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to the Earl of Clanwilliam. Havannab..... 4th Aug 13 107. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq. Havannah.. 28th Aug. 13 108. H. T. Kilbee, Esq. to William Hamilton, Esq.Havannah...

......,28th Aug. 14

No.

1821. Page 109 R.F.Jameson, Esq. to the Earl of Clanwilliam. Havannah....... 1st Sept. 141 110. R.F. Jameson, Esq. to the Earl of Clanwilliam. Havannal....... 26th Oct. 144 111. Messrs. Kilbee and Jameson to the Marquess of Londonderry.....

.... Havannah.......30th Oct. 144 112. William Hamilton, Esq. to Messrs. Kilbee and Jameson....

.Foreign Office..., 20th Nov. 145 113. Messrs. Kilbee and Jameson to the Marquess of Londonderry.....

Havannah....

......10th Dec. 146 Inclosure.-Case of the Negroes belonging to the Spanish Schooner Antonica

148 114. Messrs. Kilbee and Jameson to the Marquess of Londonderry....

.Havannah... 10th Dec. 151 115. The Marquess of Londonderry to Messrs.

1822. Kilbee and Jameson.

.Foreign Office.... 8th Mar. 151

RIO JANEIRO.

1821. 116. Messrs. Hayno and Cunningham to Viscount Castlereagh

.....Rio Janeiro...... 180 Mar. 151 117. Messrs. Hayne and Cunningham to Viscount Castlereagh...

..... Rio Janeiro......30th Mar. 152 118. Messrs. Hayne and Cunningham to Viscount Castlereagh....

... Rio Janeiro......27th June 153 119. Henry Hayne, Esq. to the Marquess of Londonderry.....

Rio Janeiro......27th Aug. 153 Inclosure.-Case of the Schooner Emilia.....

153 120. Henry Hayne, Esq. to the Marquess of Lon, donderry

Rio Janeiro......24th Oct. 155

........

SURINAM.

1821. 191. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Visc'. Castlereagh Paramaribo.... 12th Jan. 157 122. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Visc'. Castlereagh Paramaribo.... 5th Feb. 157 193. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Visc'. Castlereagh Paramaribo.... 16th Feb. 157 194. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Visct. Castlereagh Surinam.. 1st Mar. 158 123. Messrs. Lofroy and Wale co Visce. Castlereagh Surinam .......3d April 159 196. Messts. Lefroy and Wale to Joseph Planta, Jun. Esq.....

Surinam... 3d April 159 197. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Visc. Castlereagh Surinam....... 28th May 159 128. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to Joseph Planta, Jun. Esq......

Paramaribo.... 3d June 160 129. Messrs. Lefroy and Wale to the Marquess of Londonderry....

Surinam....... 4th July 160
Inclosure.-Proclamation of the Governor of
Surinam.....

...ed July 130. C.E. Lefroy,Esq. to the Marq. of Londonderry Surinam....... 6th Sept. 161 131. C. E. Lefroy,Esq. to the Marq. of Londonderry Surinam....... 6th Dec. 161

.... 160

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »