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lacs, imans, and cadis, were confirmed, except

J.C.17021

Heg.1114 those who were in the interest of the old muftin Fezula and the grand vizier Rami. It is to be supposed that the fly-catchers of Jerusalem voluntarily drove out the mollac who had treated them fo cruelly.

The caimacan Kiuperli, who received early advice of the conspiracy, had taken advantage of the first indetermination of the conspirators to escape to Adrianople. It is remarkable that in this convulsion of a despotic government, there was not a single drop of blood spilt. · Almost all the deposed officers were at Adrianople, and those who inhabited the capital had yielded to the storm or fed before they could be taken into custody. Their houses were pillaged, or rather the new grand vizier caused juridical seizures to be made, with all the order and precaution einployed in the quietest times. They penetrated into the very inner part of the seraglio; and the kisar agasi, who ought not to acknowledge any other authority than the sultan's, was forced to give an account of all the sums intrusted to him, both in the treasuries of the royal mosques and in those of his highness, and even in that of the haram. With this money and that of the other imposts which the new defterdar daily received in the name of the grand seignior, the troops were paid, and even gratified with an indemnity for what they ought to have received on Muftapha's acceflion to the throne. The mufti, the grand

vizier,

The rebel ammy en.

ples

J.C. 1702. vizier, and Caracach his counsellor, judged it Heg. 1114. s prudent to encamp the troops near Constanti

nople. They counted more than fifty thousand near Son. men under arms; for the people had inlisted fantino- in crowds in the different corps, and some

odas had had time to come from the nearest Asiatic provinces.

The iman of the Porte arrived soon in the name of the grand feignior, to ask the rebels what it was that had induced them to take up arms, and what they reproached the officers of the empire with, whom they refused to acknowledge any longer. This proof of their master's weakness increased their audacity; they carried their infolence so far as to abuse and beat this effendi who appeared before them in the name of their emperor, so much so, that he was obliged to Aec

to save his life. The grand vizier Dorojan bathe rebels shaw proposed to the soldiers to go themselves

to the emperor with the explanations which he
had sent to demand of them, having no doubt of
the consideration which an army of fifty thousand
men, well paid and disciplined, would obtain with ?
a prince, who had chosen rather to sacrifice the
finest provinces of the empire, than continue a
just war: this proposal was received with accla-
mations. The mufti of the rebels published a
fetfa which authorised the saviours of the empire
(that was the name which he gave the rebels) te
march to Adrianople to complete their work; and he
placed himself at their head. They marched

to Adria. nople.

grand

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with such celerity, that Mustapha learned almost 1.C. 1702. at the same time that his envoy had been insulted and that the rebels were advancing. On their arrival at Hapsa, a small town a little way from They send Adrianople, they pitched their camp, and dis- vain to the patched their caimacan to Mustapha, with orders feignioro to say to him verbally, or to write to him, in cafe he could not be admitted to his presence: " The fifty thousand avengers of the Ottoman

name, encamped near Adrianople, are not " come with intention to fight Mussulmen. We " demand to have delivered to us, not the blood of the innocent, but of those traitors who have “ fold to the enemy the finest provinces of the “ empire, and we will make them feel the weight “ of their crime. People may call our proceed

ing a rebellion if they please; it is true that

we have determined to chastise the bad mini« fters, who are so many public enemies, but we " will not swerve from the bounds of respect due

to his highness, unless he have recourse to the “ sword in an affair where only an examination “ is intended. If we are opposed, we will repel « force by force; and, in that case, we will not “ be answerable for the blood that shall be spilt.” The caimacan went to the gates of Adrianople; but not being admiteed, as he had foreseen, he wrote this declaration to be conveyed to the grand feignior; he wrote likewise to the inhabitants of Adrianople: “ We are your brethren ; you should look on us with the fame eyes as

N

VOL, IV.

we

The army

of this

against the rebels.

L.C. 1702..56 we do on you. We flatter ourselves that, far Hez. 1114.

“ from thinking of fighting us, you will assist us « in restoring to the law of the Alcoran all its

wonted force against traitors and the tyrants « of the Ottoman nation." On the reading of

the manifesto, Mustapha gave orders for marchmarches ing against the rebels, who must inevitably fail,

he said, in fighting in such a bad cause. He affembled the chiefs in the divan; and, after having represented to them their duty with a pathetic tone, desired that they would take a new oath, which was, that they would shed their blood in the defence of their master. After this, the grand vizier Rami put himself at the head of what soldiers there were in Adrianople, and the citizens who would embrace the cause of Muftapha: all chese troops together did not amount to fifteen thousand men,

The mufti Fezula thought to supply the want of number by opposing a fetfa to that of the rebel mufti ; but his old age and the faults of his administration had lost him all his credit. As foon as the rebels perceived at a distance the troops coming out of Adrianople, they got under

arms and advanced in order of battle. Kiasibi It is dif Mehemet effendi, their mufti, ordered, that all persed by

acts of hostility should be suspended, with that authority authority which the ministers of the Mussulman of the

religion know how to assume over a credulous people. He advanced at the head of his effendis, who carried in evidence the Alcoran,

and

the elo

quence and

mufti.

and invited those whom he saw armed, in the 1.C. 1702.

Heg.1114. name of the God who had dictated this immortal book and of the prophet who had written it, to come and listen to words of peace and be reconciled to their countrymen and brethren. The Orientals, all barbarians as they are thought to be, are more sensible than other men of the charms of eloquence. The manner in which the mufti appeared commanded respect, and soon drew around him a crowd of soldiers, who, having heard him with great attention, passed over into his army; others returned to their comrades to invite them to go over with them to the side of the saviours of the country. The grand vizier Rami bashaw, who saw this desertion, made his escape before it became general; and, without appearing again before Mustapha, disguised himself in order to save his head with more certainty from the fury of his enemies. The rebels marched close up to the walls of Adrianople; they fent deputies again to the grand feignior, but without asking, as they had done at first, the favor of being admitted to his presence. Caracach Mehemet, the officer of the jebeggis, who had been the first inftigator of the insurrection, and Ferrari bashaw, the caimacan, appeared with four hundred spahis at the gates of the cown, which were opened to them without the least resistance. They proceeded to the seraglio, and ordered the trembling boftangis to introduce them into the gland seignior's chamber. It was of no use for

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Mustapha

VOL, IV.

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