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The same whom John saw also in the Sun.
640 In curls on either cheek play'd ; wings he wore Of many a colour'd plume, sprinkled with gold; His habit fit for speed succinct, and held Before his decent steps a silver wand. He drew not nigh unheard: the Angel bright, 645 Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage turu'd, Admonish'd by his ear, and straight was known Th’ Arch-Angel Uriel, one of the seven Who in God's presence, nearest to his throne, Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 650 That run through all the Heav'ns, or down to th’ Earth Bear his swift errands over moist and dry, O'er sea and land : him Satan thus accosts :
Uriel, for thou of those sev'n Spirits that stand In sight of God's high throne, gloriously bright, 655 The first art wont his great authentic will Interpreter through highest Heav'n to bring, Where all his sons thy embassy attend; And here art likeliest, by Supreme decree, Like honour to obtain, and as his eye
€90 To visit oft this new creation round;
623. See Rev, xix. 17.
643. Snecinct ready or prepared. 644. Decent, used in the Latin sense, graceful and beaatiful.
650. Zech. iv. 10. Tobit xii. 15, Rev. i. 4. v. 6. viii, 2.
Unspeakable desire to see, and know
So spake the false Dissembler unperceived ; For neither Man nor Angel can discern Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks Invisible, except to God alone, By his permissive will, thro' leav'n and Earth : 685 And oft though Wisdom wake, Suspicion sleeps At Wisdom's gate, and to Simplicity Resigns her charge, while Goodness thinks no ill Where no ill seems : which now for once beguiled Uriel, though regent of the Sun, and held 690 The sharpest sighted Spiri* of all in Heav'n ; Who to the fraudulent imposior foul In his uprightness answer thus return'd:
Fair Angel, thy desire, which tends to know The works of God, thereby to glorify
695 The great Work-Master, leads to no excess That reaches blame, but rather merits praise The more it seems excess, that led thee hither From thy empyreal mansion thus alone, To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps 706 Jontented with report hear only' in Heav'n: For wonderful indeed are all his works, Pleasant to know, and worthiest to be all Had in remembrance always with delight:
But what created mind can comprehend
705 Their number, or the wisdom infinite That brought them forth, but hid their causes deep ? I saw when at his word the formless mass, This world's material mould, came to a heap: Confusion heard his voice, and wild Uproar Stood ruled, stood vast Infinitude confined; Till at his second bidding Darkness fred, Light shone, and Order from Disorder sprung: Swift to their sev'ral quarters hasted then The cumbrous elements, Earth, Flood, Air, Fire ; 715 And this ethereal quintessence of Heav'n Flew upward, spirited with various formis, That rollid orbicular, and turn'd to stars Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move: Each had his place appointed, each his course; 720 The rest in circuit walls this universe. Look downward on that globe, whose hither side With light from hence, though but reflected, shines; That place is Earth, the seat of Man; that light His day, which else, as th' other hemisphere, 725 Night would invade; but there the neighb'ring moon (So call that opposite fair star) her aid Timely interposes, and her monthly round Still ending, still renewing, through mid Heav'n, With borrow'd light her countenance triform 730 Hence fills and empties to enlighten th' Earth, And in her pale dominion checks the night. That spot to which I point is Paradise, Adam's abode, those lofty shades his bow'r. Thy way thou canst not miss, me mine requires. 735
Thus said, he turn'd; and Satan bowing low, As to superior Spirits is wont in Heav'n, Where honour due and rev'rence none neglects, Took leave, and tow'rd the coast of earth beneath, Down from th' ecliptic, sped with hoped success, 740 Throws his steep fight in many an aery wheel, Nor stay'd, till on Niphates' top he lights.
730. Triform, so called from her increase and decrease towards east and west, and her fulness.
742. Niphates, a mountain on the borders of Armenia, near which Paradise is supposed to have been situated.
Satan now in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where he must now attempt the bold enterprise which he undertook alone agaiust God and Man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passions, fear, envy, and despair; but at length confirms himself in evil, journeys on to l'aradise, whose outward prospect and situation is described, overleaps the bounds, sits in the shape of a cormorant on the Tree of Lile, as highest in the garden, to look about him. The garden desi ribed : Satan's first sight of Adam and Eve; his wonder at their excellent form and happy state, but with resolution to work their fall; overhears their discourse, thence gathers that the Tree of Knowledge was forbidden them to eat of, under penalty of Death; and thereon intends to found his temptation, hy seducing them to transgress; then leaves them a while, to know further of their state by some other means. Meanwhile Uriel, descending on a sun-beam, warns Gabriel, who had in charge the rate of Paradise, that some evil Spirit had escaped the deep, and passed at noon by his sphere in the shape of a good Angel Jowa to Paradise, discovered after by bis furious gestures in the Mount. Gabriel promises to hin ere morning. Night coming on, Adam and Eve discourse of going to their rest: their bower described ; their evening worship." Gubriel drawing forth leis bands of night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appoints two i trong Angels to Adam's bower, lest the evil Spirit should be there doing some harm to Adani or Ereskeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, in Gabriel; by whoni questioned, he scornfully answers, prepares resistance, but hindered by a sign trom Heaven, Hies out of Paradise.
() for that warning voice, which he who saw
Woe to th' inhabitants on earth !' that now, 5
10 To wreck on innocent frail man his loss Gf that first battle, and his flight to Hell : Yet not rejcicing in his speed, though bold
1. There is great propriety in the opening of the present book. The grand subject of the relation which St. Johu gave of the Apocalypse or Revelation he received, in the overthrow of Satan, whose first attempts upon Man's purity and happiness for the ground work of this part of the poem.
Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast,
O thon that with surpassing glory crown'd,
24. Memory is here used in the sense of reflection or consideration.
32. Milton first thought of writing a tragedy on the Loss of P& radise, and the first ten lines of this speech formed its opening.
so. Sdeign'd, for disdain'd, from the Italian, sdegnare.