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He was soon, however, persuaded to art he professed, remained unabated to return to the chair.'

the last : when the last touches wer About a year and a half after the given to this picture, above event, Sir Johna Reynolds, finding that calamity increase upon him « The hand of Reynolds fell to rise no which is fo feelingly adverted to in

4 more.” some lines fent to him by Mr. Jerningham, and daily expecting the total lots For some time before his death, his of fight, wrote a letter to the Academy, illnefs produced a melanchols, which intimating his intention to resign the of- was the more diftreffing to his friends, Lice of President on account of bo. as it was indulged in filenca. For fome dily inñrmities, which disabled him from weeks before he paid the great debt, executing the duties of it to his own sa- his fpirits were so low, that he was un. tisfaćtion. A mecing of the Royal able to bear even the confolations of Academicians was held about the 15th friendship. The numerous attendances of November 1791, for the purpose of of many of our nobility and men of electing affoeiates, when Mr. 'Weftscience during his iHuess, are the best who prehded for Sir Joshua, read the testimony of the value fct upon him, letter from him, intimating his inten- and of the regret with which they concion. The company received this intcl- templared his illness, and prophesied his ligence with the respectful concern Jue disolucior. “ His illncts," says Mr. to the talents and virtues of Sir Joshua, Burke, was long, but borne with a and either then did enter, or designed mild and cheerful fortitude, without to enter, into a resolution, honourable the leaft mixture of any thing irritable 2o all parties, namely, that a deputa- or querulous, agreeable to the placid zion from the whole body of the Aca- and even tenour of his whole life. He demy should wait upon him, and in- had, from the beginning of his malaus, form himn of their with, that the author a distinêt view of his diliolution, which sity and privileges of the office of Pre. he contemplated with that entire comOdont might be his during his life ; de- posure, that nothing but the innocence, claring their willingness to permit the integrity, and usefulness of his life, and periormance of any of its duties which an unaffected fubmillion to the will of might be irksome in him, by a depury. Providence, could below.''; On Thurl.

From this period Sir Joshua never day night, 23d of Feb. 1792, this great painted more--his last portrait was that artist and accomplished character paid of the Hon. Charles James Fox (now the last awful debt to nature, in the both in the hand of the engraver); and this year of his age. bat efort of this great artist's pencil is [Further particulars of Sir Joshua Rex. a full proof that his fancy, luis imagina- nolds may be feen by adverting to our fion, and his other great powers in the Magazine, Vol. XXI. p. 213. 266.414.}







fruation that enables him to contribute to HIS ingenious Swifs Professor in this great end, and every where diffufcs a

his · Law of Nations,' (a book fpirit of true patriotism, which is zealousty much recommended to his young friends employed for the public welfare. We at the Bar by the late venerable Eart there lee single individuals form conMansfield) in his celebrated Chapter upon fiderable enterprizes in order to prothe Duties of a Nation to itlelf, breaks mote the glory and the welfare of the out into this panegyric upon the People Nation ; and whilft a bad Prince would and the Constitution of England: be abridged of his power, a King en“ That illustrious Nation the English dowed with wisdom and moderacion finds distinguishes itself in a glorious manner the most powerful aslistance to give fucby every thing that can render the State cess to his great designs. The Nobility most fourishing. An admirable Con- and the Representatives of the People form ficution there places every Citizen in a a bend of confidence between the Moa


aarch and the Nation, and concur with never overthrow a monument that does to him in every thing that regards the com- much honour to human naturema monumoc welfare, eale hiin in part of the ment capable of teaching Kings how gloriburthen of Government, and render him , ous it is to reign over a free people. an obedience the more perfect as it is the 6 The Brirish Nation," said some more voluntary. Every good Citizen Frenchman archly one day, “may be fees that the strength of the State is really compared to a hypochondriacal patient the welfare of all, and not that of a with a strong and excellent conftitution. fingte person. Happy Conftitution! which State quacks have to be fure bled and the people who possess it did not suddenly purged her a little too much occasion ebtain. It has cost tbem rivers of blood, ally, but the seems always to recover but they have not purchased it too dear!her strength again when left to herself, May Luxury, the Profeffor night have and permitted to make use of those intera added, and may Faction, those Ministers nal resources with which she is furnished of corruption, fo dangerous to Liberty, by nature.'

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, THE death of a perion fo eminent in who, in the first volume of Mr. Gib

the literary world as Mr. Gibbon, bon's Hillory, had written the followraised my curiosity to know the par: ing memorandum and verses: ticulars of his life, and therefore ex- The Author of this book, upon the pe&ting this species of information in delivery of the Spanish Refcript in your Magazine, I looked into your June 1779, declared publicly at Brooks'sy Obituary, where I found myself direct- “ That there was no salvation for this ed to a former Number (March 1788), country, unless fix of the heads of the in which some particulars are omitted Cabinet Council werc cut off, and laid which perhaps you may think worthy upon the tables of the Houses of Parlia. of insertion.

ment as examples;” and in less than a Mr. Gibbon was born at Putney * fortnight after that declaration took an His grandfathes was a South Sea Dj- employment under that same Cabinet rector, and died in 1736. His father Council. was Member for Petersfield in 1734,

C. J. Fox." and for Southampton in 1741. On the death of Sir William Rous in 1743, he was elected Alderman of Vintry Ward, THOR TO THE BOARD OF TRADE but refigned his gown in the year 1945,

IN 1779. and died in the year 1770. Mr. Gib- KING George in a fright, bon received part of his education at Left Gibbon ihould write the school of Mr. Woodeson, of King- The story of Britain's disgrace, fton, father of the late Vinerian Pro- Thought no means more sure, íellor, who had the honour of educating His pen to secure, fome other gentlemen still living, of Than to give the Historian a place. great celebrity as men of letters t.From Mr. Woodeson's he went to

But his caution is vain,

'Tis the curse of his reign Weftminster, and from thence to Magdalen College, Oxford. It seems pro. Tho'he write not a line,

That his projects thould never succeed. dable that while in this University, he Yet a cause of Decline, first fewed those ligos of a wavering disposition with respect to his religious

In the Author's example we read. sentiments, which terminated in a con- His book well describes, firmed infidelity. Bilhop Horne, who How corruption and bribes was of the same College, speaking of Overthrew the great Empire of Rome; him, says, “ A young gentleman fome And his writings declare years ago suffered himself to be fedu: A degen'racy there, ced to Popery. His friends sent him to Which his conduct exhibits at home. the Sage of Ferncy for a cure; and a We are told that when he first wens most effectual one indeed was wrought. to Lausanne in early life he studied He came home a confirmed infidel, and under the father of the present Mrs. has employed himself ever since in Necker. He had acquired a predilec. writing against Christianity 1." An tion for that town, and intended to have anecdote of Mr. Gibbon’s life became passed the rest of his days there. On public a few years ago, by the difper- his coming to England last summer, he Tion of a celebrated Orator's library, resumed a design which had been fug, * Lysons Environs of Londoo. + Wakfield's Life I Letters on Infidelity.


gested to him many years ago, of pub

His disorder was

a rupture, for lithing in a body the ancient Engliíh which he had undergone some operaHistorians, in which he was to atlitt tions, but his death was Tudden. On Mr. Pinkerton, who was to have been the 2nd his remains were carried to the Editor, with the Prolegomena, and Sheffield Place, and dcpolited in the his advice and opinions through the Mausoleum of Lord Sheteld's family. whole publication. This scheinc will. Sume memoirs of his life are said to have now, perhaps, nut be executed. The vien found, but in toc imperfect a state Prospectus is believed to have becul for publication. I am, &c. begun, it not finished.


(WITH A PLATE.) CHERBURG, a city and fa-port, were actually beguti, and the new walls

stands in a plain on the North-fide were carried to a confiderable hcight in of the Lower Normandy, in the diftrict the year 1658; but in the year followof La Hogue, and in the Peninsula of ing, for reasons of State" (says an the Potent, at the bottom of a large eminent French writer), the old and Bay in the form of a crefceni, betwein new forritications were entirely demothe capes of La Hoyle and Barfleur, lithed.--. At all times (says another being about ninciden milis dilant from French writer) the Enylith and Dutch the former, and fixteen from the latter. have endeavoured to get us to demolift It has on the Vorth the fca; on the any confiderabie fca-ports ise bave had Eait a large plain, above three miles in the Channel; thefe Ports give une long; on the South a very agrecable , brage to them, and extremely incom. spot of fruitful ground, and the emi- mode their commerce. But their connence called the hill of Roule, on the tinual opposition is an invincible proof top of which is the great fores of Biix that it would be benencial to our comand Tourlaville ; and on the Wefiano- merce and navigation, to have at leat ther plain, about a mile and a half long. one fecure retreat for our ships towards It lies in 49 deg. 38 min. North laria the middle of the Channel."* Cardinal tude, longitude 16 deg. 18 min. rec. D'Oflat was sensible how neceffary this koning from the meridian of Ferro. was; for in his goth letter, dated Dec. It is 13 miles diítart from Valoyne, 57 14, 1696, he says to Monfieur de Villefrom Coutances, 64 from Gr.nville by roy, to whom he writes, “it is of very land, about 60 from the lile of Wight great importance to us to have men oi and Portsmouth', '51 from Guernley, war in that Straight. Now we can and

57 from Jeríny by sed. It pretends have no thips there without a port for to very high antiquity, having been their retreat. I have always heard it as it is said originally called Czlar- said, that with a little expence we miglio bourg. Richard the Second, Duke of make an excellent one at La Hogue in Normandy, and uncle to William the Lower Normandy ; this is the place in Conqueror, built a strong Caile here, the world most proper for raising animand having come in perion to view it, portant fortress either for commerce or was so pleastd with the situation of the for lips; all who are acquainted with place, and its importance as it appeared the affairs of the navy, and with navi. to him for the defence of his clominiens, gation, agree that we ought to labour that he exclaimed in a rapture, at it, notwithstanding the opposition of caftel est un cher tours per 12!" This our neighbours; for the more they set triling circumbiance was the origin of themselves in opposition to it, the more its prefent name:

It formerly was in ought we to be fcnsible that it tends to the poffeffion of the English, and Charles our advantage. We ought by no means the Seventh terminated his long train of to be afraid of them : this would be to victories over the timid and divided do them too much honour. The late counsels of our Henry the Sixth by this Marthal Vauban has I am toid laid inportant conquct. It was re-annexed down the whole plan and scheme of the to the crown of Franc 111450. In the werk." year 1685, Lewis XIV. lipon tło rc- Intending shortly to present our pretentation of Marthal vauban, in- readers with another View of Chericnded to enlarge cho town, fortify it bourg, we shall postpone the remainder in the modern way, atd add a large of our account of this place until that bason to the harbour; and in conit. opportunity. quence of this refolution, these works

The pallage from Portsmouth to Cherbourg is fy easy, that we are informed Lord Chatham, with a few genilemen, a short time butore the present war, failed from Portsmouth u the morning, dined at Cherbourg, and returned in the evening,

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Viewof a lone Constructed in the Year 1785 bring conducted to its place in thehoad of Cherbourg, in ondertohesunk.

Published by Llewell lornhell April 1794

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