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To each article is annexed the number of the page of this volume in which it is to be found.

2767.

Sept. 16. The forces of Nizam Ally and Hyder Ally defeated, near Trinomally, by the Eaft-India company's forces under Col. Smith. 216.

Dec. 18. Prayers begun to be read in the mass houses in Dublin, for K. George III. and all the royal family. 108.

1768.

Jan. 10. Order iffued for fhortening court mournings. 51.

28. The Queen of Denmark delivered of a Prince-Royal. 54. Feb. 11. A circular letter fent from Boston to the other provinces. 464. 16. The royal affent given to the Irish octennial bill. 109.

March 8. The Forth and Clyde canal-act paffed. 160.

11. The parliament of Great Britain diffolved. 162.

29.

16. Mr Wilkes lofes his election as a member for London. 217.
Mr Wilkes chofen one of the members for Middlesex. 218.
The Archduchefs Charlotte efpoufed to his Sicilian Majesty. 278.
20. Mr Wilkes appears voluntarily before the conrt of king's bench. 219.
21. Lord Hillsborough fends a circular letter to the colonies. 470.

April 7.

May

27. Mr Wilkes committed to prison on an outlawry, 221.

An application for augmenting the army in Ireland refused. 380.

10. The new parliament of Great Britain opened. 269.

13. The Princefs Louifa-Anne of Great Britain dies. 278.

28. The parliament of Ireland diffolved. 382.

June 8. Mr Wilkes's outlawry reverfed. 333.

10. A floop feized, which occafions a mob at Boston. 368, 72.
14. A town-meeting at Boston petition Gov. Bernard. 369.

18. Two fentences pronounced against Mr Wilkes. 373

20. A proclamation for a new Irish parliament to meet. 383.

21. Lord Hillsborough's letter communicated to the Boston affembly. 439.

24. The Queen of France dies. 335.

25. The Duke of Cumberland enters as midshipman on board the Venus. $47.
30. The Boston affembly refufe to refcind. 441.

Jaly 1. That affembly diffolved 443.

Arg. 10. The King of Denmark arrives in England. 548.

18. Gen Amherst, in difgust, refigns his two regiments. 400. Sept. 13. Warm refolves at Boston on the prefent ftate of affairs. 589.

14. A circular letter, calling a convention to meet at Boston. 591. 21. The Elector of Saxony takes on him the reins of government. 541. 22. A convention met at Boston, and admonished to feparate. 592, 3. 29. This convention, after finishing their bufinefs, feparate. 598. ca. 1. Troops land at Boston from on board a fleet before the town. 607.

8. War declared by the Porte against Russia, and the Ruffian minister committed to the Seven Towers 601, 27.

12. The King of Denmark takes leave of the British court. 554.

Nov. 8. Two regiments restored to Gen. Amherst. 614, 5.

A declaration of the court of Ruffia, on the arreft of its minifter. 626.

8. The Queen of Great Britain delivered of a princess, Augusta Sophia. 613,.71.

To the BINDER.

UT away the blue covers, and advertisements ftitched in with any of the Ma

place quarter of a contains

page, the Chronological Series of Events, &c. before the Magazine for January. Flace the PLATES fo as to front the following pages refpectively.

Hogarth's farcaltic print of Mr Wilkes

The print of the new-difcovered Aftragalus

The prin of the improvement on Hadley's quadrant

The sketch of the river Carron, and the plan of the Canal

217

344 416

569

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56.

59.

60.

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558. 2.

559.

5. for Burns, read Burges,

33. in art. 11. l. 3. for acceder's inarriage read acceder's death;
46. in art. 19. l. 7. read, for the accommodation of fuch of them as
it may fuit, he will open, &e.

48. for 500l. read 5000 1.

2. & feqq. The report of the committee of the royal boroughs did
not proceed, as is here faid, upon the reprefentation of the
merchants of Edinburgh, which we afterwards learned was
not laid before the convention, but upon a report given in by Mr
Chalmers, refpecting his conduct at London while the canal-bill
was before the parliament, feff. 1766-7, he having gone thither
in 1767 with inftructions from a committee of the convention,
51. for patribus read partibus, Read and point the fentence thus
In omnem fortunam liber femper et intrepidus, trucidato a per-
ditiffimis hominibus Rege, acta in exilium Regina, a principum
partibus, majorum more, femper conftans ftetit.

32. for SETONIUS, read SETONUS,
47. for Louthianæ read Louthoniæ
61. for cɔɔɔx. read ciɔɔcx.
verfight.

-fo in the marble.

the last c inverted by a mere

Two correfpondents are of opinion, that the initials at the end of this infcription, A. S. F. C. F. F. ftand for "Alexander "Setonius, Fermelinoduni Comes, fieri [or filius] fecit."

Mr Turcan informs us, that the infcription confifts of 52 lines; and that it is 5 feet 6 inches in height, and 4 feet 8 inches in breadth.

7. for on read in

5. for 4127532 read 4127532X35731

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27. for 7" read 6" So the number will be 363° 4′ 6′′ 59"
45. et feqq. See p. 612. col. 2. & p. 670. col. 2.

I. 9. from the bottom, read O&. 1o.

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In most of the copies of two half-fheets in November Magazine, fignatures 4 D and 4 E, the firft figure of the number of the pages is 4 inftead of 5, i. e. 477– 492. inftead of 577-592; which the reader is requested to correct with his pen. In the Index these pages are marked what they should have been printed.

In the preceding volume, the 29th, that for 1767, p. 677. col. 1. the 4th and 5th lines from the bottom are tranfpofed. The fentence should be read thus: "as "the cafe juft now mentioned furnishes a notable example, that ought to be copied, "I beg you to infert complete the proceedings," &c.

And in making out the general Index for that volume, the Obfervations on the advertisement prefixed to the trial of Helen Watt and William Keith, have been inadvertently omitted: which therefore the reader will please to mark under the words Advertisement, Keith, Obfervations, and Watt, thus:

Advertisement. See Obfervations.

Keith. See Observations.

Obfervations on the advertisement prefixed to the trial of Watt and Keith 479& feqq.

Watt. See Observations,

SCOTS

MAGAZINE.

JANUARY,

1768.

CONTENTS.

HISTORICAL AFFAIRS. A fummary of the public affairs of last year 1.-8.

Foreign affairs. Number of people in Sweden 41. A dangerous kind of enthufiafm in Denmark 42: The King of Spain to the Bishop of Cuenca 46.

American affairs. European goods difcouraged 48. and irregularities 49.

-Englife affairs. On fhortening courtmournings 51. Addreffes ib. Order for fix fmugglers to furrender ib. Extract from the act on which the order is founded 52. Acts paffed 53.

Manner of preparing SALEP 8.

The DOCTRINE and DISCIPLINE of the church of Scotland defended, in answer to A. B. S. D. and Philanthropos 9.-20. Preparations for obferving the TRANSIT of VENUS. The Emprefs of Ruffia to the Petersburg academy 20. M. Ramousky

to Mr Short 21.

Authentic opinion concerning INOCULA

TION 21.

HARVEST-SURVEYING proposed 23.

The weight and bulk of the NATIONAL
DEBT computed 22.

Four new fpecies of PLANE-TREES 24.
An effay to find the distance from the FIRST
MERIDIAN 24.

FACTS relating to America 25.
Eruption of VESUVIUS 29.
MACBRIDE's remedy for the fcurvy at sca
30.

SUTTONIAN method for fevers 32.
NEW BOOKS, with remarks, &c. 37.
POETRY.
Vacation 33.
The new-year

ode 34. Epitaph on a mother and fifter
ib. Apollo difappointed ib. Lady M. W.
M.'s verfes in a garden ib. The state-
coach 35. Want, an ode 36. Lady M.
W. M.'s man in love ib. A moral reflec-
tion ib.

LISTS, &c. Marriages, Births, Deaths, and Preferments 541 5. Number of patients laft year in the Edinburgh and Aberdeen infirmaries 56. Amount of linen stamped for fale laft year in Scotland ib. Edinburgh mortality-bill ib. Prices of corn ib

D

A fummary or recapitulation of the PUBLIC AFFAIRS of the year 1767. Uring the last year we heard little of the rebellion in the ifland of Cyprus, and nothing about that in Egypt, which two gave the TURKISH government a good deal of uneafinefs in 1766. Another rebeliion had been fet on foot by Heraclius, one of the chief princes of Georgia, between the Caspian and Black feas, where the inhabitants are profetfors of the Chriftian religion, according to the principal tenets and practices of the Eaftern or Greek church. Having been long obliged, as a part of their tribute, to furnifh the Grand Signior's feraglio yearly with a number of beautiful virgins, for which their country is famous, VOL. XXX.

they wished to have that custom abolished, as fcandalous to their religion, and fhocking to thofe concerned in the girls on whom the unhappy lot fell of being made fuch victims. Prince Heraclius, a man of an enterprifing genius, having firft learned the art of war himself by travelling in Europe, and fent a number of his best vaffals thither for the fame purpose, took the field in 1765, with a powerful army. In 1766 he gained confiderable advantages over the Turks, one of which was the taking of Trebifonde, a city of Natolia. When that year was well advanced, there were accounts of a Turkish army of 60.000 men being on march against him through the Lefler A

A

ha,

fia, while another confiderable body was in readiness to be tranfported along the Black fea, in order to cut off his retreat. Advices pofterior to thofe bore, that Pr. Heraclius had propofed to the Grand Signior an amnesty for himself and his affociates, on which condition they would fubmit to take the oath of fidelity, and to pay an annual tribute in money only; but that his Sublime Highnels refufed to make peace with the Georgians, on any other terms than their delivering up the Prince, to be fent to Conftantinople.

ces by the courts of Petersburg and Berlin, backed by the influence of G. Britain and Denmark, to all which powers the Diffidents had applied for their good offices in the cafe. We had advice in 1765, that fomewhat was done, in a judicial way, favourable to the Diffidents of Great Poland; but these were still in a confined and precarious way, and their civil privileges throughout the whole kingdom remained to be quite annihilated.

on

An ordinary diet affembled, at WarAccording to the advices of last year, faw, the 6th of October 1766. Declathe Porte had agreed to conclude a peace rations by the courts of Petersburg, Lonwith those people, on condition of their don, Berlin, and Copenhagen, were paying to the Grand Signior a yearly that occafion prefented to his Polish Matribute of 18,000 piaftres, and deliver- jefty, and laid by him before the diet. ing up to him twenty-four of their youngThofe declarations required the re-esta-. native maidens; but it was thought this Jatter part, with respect to natives of their own country, would not be complied with. It is to be here obferved, that they could easily purchase young girls from elsewhere, fuch a trade being common in those parts. We had fubfequent accounts of Pr. Heraclius being at Vienna; then in Holland; and of his fending a prefent of fix beautiful camels to Paoli, general of the Corsicans, with a fhort letter full of the glow of Oriental fentiments and ftyle. By latest advices of last year, the Porte had received authentic information of another intended infurrection of the Georgians, and a Turkish army was on march towards the Black fea.

There were accounts early in the year, that the states of Tripoli, Tunis, Algier, and Morocco, had pofitively refuted to pay tribute to the Porte; faying, they had no need of its protection, and infiit ing on their independency.

blifhment of the Diffidents in their civil rights and privileges, and the peaceable enjoyment of their modes of worship, fecured to them by laws of the kingdom, which had been obferved during two centuries, and confirmed by the important treaty of Oliva, concluded by all the northern powers, which could not be altered without the consent of all the contracting parties. The Bishops in general, fupported by many others, contended ftrongly for a cenfirmation of the decrees made against the Diffenters in 1717, 1723, and 1736, though the foreign powers who interefted themselves in their favour had obferved in their declarations, that those decrees paffed in the midst of inteftine troubles, and were contradicted by the formal proteftations and express declarations of foreign powers. After violent contests, the matter was referred to the Bithops and Senators, for their opinion. Upon report from them, the diet came to a refolution, That they would fully maintain the Diffidents in all the rights and prerogatives to which they were intitled by the laws of the country, particularly by the conftitutions of the year 1717, &c. and by treaties; and that as to their griefs in regard to the excrcife of their religion, the college of Moft Reverend Archbishops and Bithops, under the direction of the Prince Primate, would endeavour to remove thofe difficulties, in a manner conformable to justice and neighbourly love. This refolution was notified to the ambaladors and minifters of thofe courts which had prefent

POLAND furnished a number of hiftorical articles worth notice, throughout the whole of last year. A short recapitulation of preceding events is neceffary, to make those within that period be understood. A decree had been made by the convocation-diet in 1764, during the inter-reign immediately before the election of his present Polish Maj-ty, in regard to all diffenters from the RomanCatholic religion, which more than any former one abridged the free exercife of their religion, and wholly excluded them from all posts and places under the government. That decree was con-ed the declarations. firmed by the coronation-diet held after On the 29th of November that year, the election, notwithstanding remonstran the last day of the diet's fitting, the col

lege

lege of Archbishops and Bifhops figned nine articles, which were depofited among the archives of the kingdom. According to thefe, the Diffidents were to be allowed the free exercife of their religion in all places where they had been permitted by the law to have churches; and might repair those churches, or rebuild them, but not enlarge their extent. They were to have burying-places; the funerals to be performed without ceremonies, except thofe permitted to them by law. Where they had no churches, they might perform divine fervice privately in their houses. The Greek priests might baptize, marry, and bury, provided they paid the established clergy their legal fees. This regulation was figned by all the Prelates, except the Bithop of Wilna, who refused to do it, and two others, who were not present.

Among the new laws made by that diet, there was one for reftraining the authority of the two great generals of the Crown and Lithuania; which, however, was not to take place till after the deaths of the perfons who then enjoyed thofe dignities. By that time a small body of Ruffian troops had marched to within two miles of the capital.

It might easily have been foreseen, that a refolution to maintain the Diffidents in all the rights and prerogatives to which they were intitled by the conftitutions of the year 1717, and others fince then referred to, would give fmall fatisfaction to thofe Dillidents themselves, or to the refpectable powers who thought themfelves bound to take interest in their concerns. The Diffidents dated the begin ning of their sufferings from the very conftitution of 1717. The referring of their grievances to the Archbishops and Bishops was looked upon as a meature ftill more unreasonable than ever had been taken before, that being a body of men who had always been their oppofers, who had occafioned all the evils of which they complained, and by their ftation could not be favourable to them. A new infringement was reckoned to be made on the conflitutions of the kingdom, and the rights of the Diffidents, by endeavouring to draw them from the civil juritdiction, under whofe power they ought to be, in order to fubje&t them to that of the clergy, Confequent to this view of the cafe, an additional body of about 15,000 Ruffian troops entered Poland.

The Dillidents, having previously con

certed matters with their protectors, entered into two confederacies, on the 20th of March last year, at Thorn and Sluck. One of them was figned by the Diffidents of Great and Little Poland, the other by thofe of the Great Duchy of Lithua nia. In the act of confederacy figned at Thorn, after taking notice of the ancient conftitutions, which confirmed the liberty of religion, and established a perfect equality among the nobility, which conftitutions had been declared fundamental laws of the ftate, particularly the conftitutions of 1573, and a good many others fpecified downward for above a century, which were fortified by a folemn oath, that no one fhould be oppreffed or perfecuted on account of difference of religion; a long recital is made of oppreffions, evils, and violences, endured by the Diffidents fucceflively fince the year 1717, in regard to their perfons, their churches, their rights, and their liber ties. The confederators obferve in the act, that all their hopes of redress from complaints, manifeftoes, and protests, had vanished fince the immediately preceding diet, when, instead of their fituation being rendered eafier, the conftitution of 1764 had been renewed and confirmed, which took from them even the fhadow of every one of their birthrights, and threatened them with entire destruction. For these reasons they engaged and fwore, mutually to defend their ancient privileges, and the free exercise of their religion. At the fame time they protefted, that they would always remain faithful and obedient to the King; and refolved, that a deputation fhould be fent to him, to affure him of their fidelity, and fupplicate his protection. They invited thofe of the communion of Rome, and all true patriots, to unite with them in maintaining the fundamental laws of the kingdom, the peace of religion, and the rights of each one jointly with themfelves. They claimed, by virtue of public treaties, the protection of the powers who guarantee their rights and liberties, namely, the Empress of Ruffia, and the Kings of Sweden, G. Britain, Denmark, and Pruflia. Laitly, they pro tefted, that they had no intention of acting to the detriment of the Roman-Catholic religion, which they duly respected; and only afked the liberty of their own, and the re-establishment of their ancient rights.

Lt-Gen. Goltz, staroste of Tuchel, was
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