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quality, and disposition of rammed and puddled earth will be regulated by the engineer. It will be measured, estimated, and paid for as excavation carried into bank, to which the price affixed in the following proposal for ramming or puddling, as the case may be, will be additional.

15. No logs, trees, stumps, brushwood, roots, leaves, grass, or stones shall be left in or admitted into any part of the embankment; and no frozen earth or clods will be admitted, except by special permission of the engineer, and then only in the outer edge of the embankment.

16. The banks, when finished, will be made smooth on the top and slopes; and when complete the soil and muck which may be reserved for this purpose will be thrown upon the top and slopes, and be trimmed to conform to them.

17. All work done under these specifications will be in all respects in strict conformity with the directions of the engineers, and any work which they may require and which may not be specified will be valued by the engineer in charge; and his decision shall be final and without appeal.

18. No ardent spirits shall be used or allowed on any part of the work, and no disorderly person or persons, objected to by the engineer, shall be retained in the employment of the contractor. Permitting men to board where ardent spirits are used or sold, though the premises should not be under the control of the contractor, will be considered a violation of this rule; any violation of it will be considered sufficient ground for the engineer to declare the contract void

19. Extra work. -No allowance for extra work, beyond that specified, shall be made, except such as shall have been done by the special written order of the engineers. All claims for extra work must be presented to the engineer at the end of the month in which such extra work shall have been done, to be settled in the estimate of work done within that month, or they will not be considered.

20. Monthly estimates.-Monthly estimates will be made between the first and tenth of each month approximate of the whole amount of work done within the month; and as soon thereafter as practicable a payment will be made of nine-tenths of such estimates. But should the contractor abandon the work or the engineer declare the contract void, all the work not paid for, as well as the retained per centage, will be forfeited to the United States.

21. No contractor will be allowed to sublet the whole or any portion of his work, but will be required to give his personal and constant attention to the work during its progress.

22. The subscriber offers to contract to do all the work required to construct the receiving reservoir at the prices mentioned in the following table, and to complete the work according to the preceding specification, and upon the terms and conditions stipulated in the contract which he may hereafter subscribe, in the form a copy of which has been shown to and read by him.

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The reservoir. Per cubic yd. Per cubic yd. Per cubic yd. Per cubic yard. Per cubic yd.

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$0 20

Puddling, of materials paid
for as excavation, in addi-
tion to the price for exca-

$0 13


Ramming, of materials paid
for as excavation, in addi-
tion to the price for exca-

$0 08

Signed by me this fifth day of May, 1857.

in the

To Capt. M. C. MEIGS, U. S. Engineers:
We, the undersigned, residents of
State of
hereby jointly and severally covenant with the
United States, and guaranty, in case the foregoing bid of

be accepted, that he or they will, within ten days after the acceptance of said bid, execute a contract for the same, with good and sufficient sureties to perform the work in conformity to the terms of the advertisement and specifications under which it was made. And in case the said shall fail to enter into contract as aforesaid, we guaranty to make good the difference between the offer by the said and

the next lowest bidders.


I hereby certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, the above named guarantors are good and sufficient.


Contract for Iron Pipes, Branches, and Bends.

1. Agreement between J. W. and J. F. Starr, of Camden, in the State of New Jersey, of the first part, and Captain M. C. Meigs, of the corps of United States engineers, of the second part, acting for and in behalf of the United States of America, as engineer in charge of the Washington Aqueduct, witnesseth:

2. That the party of the first part, for and in consideration of the matters hereinafter referred to and set out, covenants and agrees with the party of the second part to furnish and deliver, at the proper cost

of the said party of the first part, upon such wharf or wharves in Washington and Georgetown as may be designated by the party of the second part, all the iron pipes, branches, and bends, described and referred to in the printed advertisement and specifications, copies of which are hereto annexed, which are to be deemed and taken as a part of this contract; to be delivered in such quantities and at such times as may be required by the party of the second part.

3. And the party of the second part, for and in consideration of the premises, covenants and agrees to pay the party of the first part at the rate specified in the annexed specification and proposal for every ton of 2,240 lbs. of iron pipe, bends, or branches, which shall have been delivered by the said party of the first part, under and in conformity with the terms of this contract; and that the payments shall be made monthly, if so required by the party of the first part.

4. Provided, nevertheless, that in case the party of the second part shall at any time be of opinion that this contract is not duly complied with by the party of the first part, or that it is not in due progress of execution, or that the party of the first part is irregular or negligent, in such case he shall be authorized to declare this contract forfeited, and thereupon the same shall become null and void, and the United States shall thereupon be exonerated from every obligation thence arising; and the reserved per centage on the contract price, as well as all the materials furnished upon which no estimate or payment may have been made, shall be forfeited to and become the right and property of the United States; and the party of the second part may thereafter agree with any other person for the execution of the remainder of the work; and the party of the first part shall have no appeal from the opinion and decision aforesaid, and he hereby releases all right to except to or question the same, in any place or under any circumstances. whatever; but the party of the first part shall still remain liable to the party of the second part for the damages occasioned to him by the said failure or refusal; and it is further agreed between the parties, that in order to secure the punctual performance of the covenants above made by the party of the first part, and to indemnify and protect the party of the second part from loss in case of default and forfeiture of this contract, the said party of the second part shall be authorized to retain in his hands, until the completion of the contract, ten per cent, on the amount of moneys at any time due to the said party of the first part.

5. It is further agreed that in case of the death, resignation, removal, or absence of any engineer, the United States, by its proper officers, may depute any other engineer to act in his place.

6. The United States reserves the right to suspend the work under this contract at any time; and when the work has been faithfully performed by the contractor, he will be paid in full for all work done up to the time of such suspension.

7. And it is further stipulated and agreed that no member of Congress shall be admitted to any share or part in this contract or agreement, or to any benefits to arise therefrom; and this contract shall be in all its parts subject to the terms and conditions of an act of Congress passed on the twenty-first day of April, in the year of our Lord

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one thousand eight hundred and eight, entitled "An act concerning public contracts.


And this contract is also expressly understood to be subject to the terms and conditions of the joint resolution of Congress approved April 14, 1852, containing a proviso in the following terms, to wit: "Provided, Nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to authorize any officer of the United States to bind the United States by contract beyond the amount appropriated by Congress, or to sanction any such contract heretofore made:" Provided, also, That it is expressly understood and agreed that this contract, nor any part thereof, shall not be sublet nor assigned; but that it shall be well and truly carried out and fulfilled in good faith by the above recited party of the first part, and that all payments on account thereof shall be made to the aforesaid party of the first part, his heirs, executors, or administrators.

8. And for the true and faithful performance of all and singular the covenants, articles, and agreements herein before particularly set forth, the subscribers hereunto bind themselves, jointly and severally, their and each of their successors, heirs, executors, and administrators.

9. Thus covenanted and agreed by the said parties this sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, (1857,) as witness their hands and seals.

J. W. & J. F. STARR, [SEAL.] M. C. MEIGS, [SEAL. Captain of Engineers, Chief Engineer Washington Aqueduct. (Done in quadruplicate.)

Witnesses to signature of Messrs. Starr:



Witnesses to signature of Captain Meigs :



Specifications for Cast-iron Pipes.

Sealed proposals will be received at the office of the Washington Aqueduct, Washington, till the 7th May, 1857, for the following castiron pipes, branches, and bends, viz:

19 pipes, 9 feet long, 48 inches interior diameter, 1 inch thick. 5 pipes, 9 feet long, 30 inches interior diameter, 1 5 pipes, 9 feet long, 12 inches interior diameter, thick.

inch thick.



of an inch

2 reducing pipes, 48 inches to 12 inches.

1 reducing pipe, 48 inches to 30 inches.

2 hemispherical stops, for ends of 48-inch pipes.

5,837 pipes, 9 feet long, 12 inches interior diameter, of an inch


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12...........angles 69° and 111°.


12.......angles 69° and 111.

12..........angles 69° and 111°.

12........angles 69° and 111°.




...right angles.

...right angles.

...right angles.

2 of 90° curvature: radius of curvature of axis, 6 feet.
3 of 111°










1 of 21° The size named to be inside diameter, and each pipe to be 9 feet in length.

The joint to be what is termed the spigot and faucet joint, excepting that one of the 48-inch pipes will have a flange joint at one end and a spigot at the other.

The 48-inch and 30-inch pipes, the reducing pieces, and eleven of the 12-inch pipes to have strong lugs, or horns, cast on each end, for fastening them together with wrought iron links.

The spigot ends of all the branches and both ends of the bends to have similar lugs.

The average weight of the 12-inch pipes to be 672 pounds; 12-inch

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