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poverty and emergency that were really around his birth. the least expenditure of money and strength and time. They The Manger, in this case, is a nice, clean sort of platter or have taken the ores and melted and moulded and wrought basket, perhaps such as French horses eat and drink out of, them to the purest specimens of art and beauty. for they may be supposed to be dainty in their tastes and In fact, the crowning glory of the English exhibit will be habits, with the nicest and whitest of fine new straw, all found in the bronze, steel and silver-ware department, notaready to welcome the wonderful little stranger. In a word, bly and supremely in the exhibit of Messrs. Elkinton & Co., it is French through and through, and so characteristic that of London. The Milton Shield, wrought in silver and steel we could not well help making special note of the same. and gold, and valued at $15,000, illustrating the ideas of The French exhibit seemed to have the largest plain glass Milton's “ Paradise Lost," for which ideas the grand, blind vases in the exhibition, and the largest decorated clay or stone- poet and statesman could hardly get £20 in his lifetime 10) ware vases; the two immense, symbolic ones, near the centre help him keep the kitchen warm, is the richest thing of the of the building, or near the southwest corner of the French sort in the exhibition, and shows how lavish people are in exdepartment, the one representing the efforts of the nations penditure over the ideas of the poets after the poets are dead towards liberty and improved industry a hundred years ago, It surpasses in some degree, the handsomest Spanish shields, and the other the fruits and attainments of liberty, as presu- and is beyond compare, finer than anything else to be named mably realized, especially in France and America, in these in its line. In the same exhibit the Helicon Vase, wrought Centennial days. There are, through the exhibit, manv in silver and steel, something after the idea of a boat or ship, pleasant marks of French sympathy with American life and with a miniature Gothic temple rising out of the midst, symhistory and ideas. Washington's face, in one shape and bolic of the triumph of music and poetry, and valued at another, appears so often as to make the visitor query whether $30,000, is also a rich triumph of the best British genius. It or not he has really not got back again into the American de- is China and Japan Gothicised and gone to pure art, and the partment of the Exposition. But as a matter of fact, there is purest religion concieveable at the hour; a solid, royal exin the heart and history and constitution of the two peoples hibit, well worthy the best struggles of the last two thousand much to justify these expressions of sympathy, and the sur- years. The exhibits of the English Colonies are simply modiprise soon reaches natural assent.
hed attempts at producing the same grades of goods out of, The English exhibit, especially when including the ex- say the soil and growths of India, Canada and Australia, that hibits of the English colonies, is truly a grand expression of the fathers have produced in the mother country. Of these, the genius, life and culture of the British race. Taking the Canada, of course, approaches the nearest in the ways of plain, dull clay and sand of the English earth, our plodding general manufacture, and her exhibits of dry-goods, hardand persevering progenitors have made perhaps more and ware, wood, china and glass ware, compare very favoragreater varieties of wares out of the bare soil than have the bly with those of the leading nations of the world. The Ininhabitants of any other country. There are plates and dia exhibit is simply remarkable for the fact that so much dishes, cups and saucers, pitchers and jars, vases, crucibles, of England could be got into and out of India in comfurnaces, moulds, pipes, tubes, and a nameless host of other paratively so short a time. Australia has an interesting exarticles, some plain, some elaborate!y wrought and decorated hibit of hides, and native woods, and ores, especially a typi. with various colors burnt in, made by different processes out cal pyramid of the precious gold that caused such a cry of of the different textures of common English sand and clay. on or off to Australia ; or with us, “off to California," some The processes in this as in other cases are perhaps too intricate years ago. to describe, but they may be sketched in a word or two, as
The exhibit of Sweden offers some popular specialties. " by the way of burning out the bad and keeping in the Its groups of wax or composition figures, representative of good, and then moulding according to the will of man.” domestic lise, of the hunt, and the management of out-door The clay and stoneware exhibit of Messrs. Doulton & Co., travel by reindeer and sleds over the mountains, and through Lambeth, England, manifests amazing variety in colors and the snow drifts of those Northern lands all have a quaintness shapes and sizes as well as in uses and designs. And some
that touches the American visitor with an amusing sort of of their vases have a quaininess and dignity and purity of interest. Their works in the departments of modern manutaste and skill in their designed execution equal to the best facture, of silver and glass.ware, of stone and majolica, of specimens of the Japanese and Chinese, though wholly in a dry-goods and articles of warm clothing, are of course well new and modern European line. Again, taking the common
done. There is no purer blood in Europe than that of the woods of England, the English have cut and designed and Swede; and the north winds keep it pure and clean. But carved and trimmed and generally shaped it, the oak and really, the great feature of the exhibit of Sweden is its hardwalnut particularly, into what some have pronounced the ware; its steel saws, so large and perfect, as if they could most beautiful and elaborate wood-work in the exhibition. cut a mountain in two, and its great varieties of iron manufacTaking the wool from their sheep, and cotton and silk from ture, built up into a vast pillar of different shapes and sizes. warmer climes, they have made the richest carpets and rugs
Naturally enough, Norway's exhibit has many things in to be seen at the great fair. Their ladies' dress goods are common with that of Sweden. There are similar groups as rich, though a little heavier in design than the French. and quite as attractive; there is greater skill observable in There is a greater variety of cloths and cassimeres than else- its wood-carving, a splendid canopy bed almost equalling its where, and very perfect in manufacture. Every tool that opposite neighbor's work in the exhibits of China and Japan. man can use, the English have made and well-made, and But here again the Norway iron and the ways the Norseevery luxury that could be desired they have prepared at men have of taking a bar of cold iron, the diameter of a
man's wrist and curling it around like wire, and tieing it up new vitality from the new times and the new ideas of the in knots, like rope or twine, making knotted iron rope lad day. To get the full effect, the true impression of the endless ders out of the same; all this shows us how the prowess of and beautiful productions we have simply been glancing at, old Thor still keeps on its way in the North lands, and how one needs to visit and revisit and study and restudy these nature in one light or another compensates her children in buildings and their contents scores of times, and to remember all corners of the earth, giving each nation to excel as soon that two or three hundred years ago our grandfathers and as the inhabitants strike the harmonies of the soil and grandmothers here and in most European nations dressed in work with the genius thereof and the powers therein. very plain homespun, had no printed books, or locomotives,
In the northwest corner of the Main Building is the ex- or steamships, but spun their own frocks and coats and hibit of Italy; varied, pretty and almost beautiful. There paddled their own canoes as best their muscle would allow. is no striking characteristic except perhaps this: that into So shall we kindle a true spirit of reverence for what has every case of goods and into every article therein, there has been done, and find our patriotism and hope and ambition entered the dilettanti, the artistic, or effort at the artistic rising to the highest pitch of ability for the accomplishment spirit and feeling. It is a charming medley. The modifica of what yet remains to be executed in the days that are to tions of all the tastes of Europe are here, but no pronounced come. and emphatic character or trait of any kind. The red clay Note. During the month of August, the Centennial ornamental modeling is neither coarse nor tine, hut nor cold. managers have reduced the price of admission to twenty-five It is better far than common mechanism, but it does not cents on certain Saturdavs, for how many or how few the reach to fine art. Even the cases of straw hats have the announcements do not fully agree. They have also concluded swing and flow of Italian art and artists, This same fancy to issue packages of tickets at regular fifty cent rates, so that and queer mixiure of the funny and sancisul and beautisul if a man now spends $2.50 or $5.00 at a time for tickets le pervades the Italian exhibits in the Art Buildings too, but of can really get in on one of them, and the supposed advantage this in our next number. Ilere in the Main Building it is to be gained is this, that benevolent persons can distribute plain enough. The jewelry is pretty, very pretty, but it is tickets among their friends, to whom they would not feel at not as brilliant as that of the other nations mentioned, and liberty to offer fifty-cent notes, old or new, or even the clean in the lines of general modern manufacture, there is little silver coin. If the managers would only put the admission that is striking or worthy of note. There is magic in the everyday at twenty-five cents, with children at ten cents a name of Italy. It is the last fragment of so many grandeurs, head, and run the concern as all successful managers of great and the Italian exhibit has a rare fascination and charm, but shows do, they would prove themselves more competent perthe hand that wrought it is not as steady as of old. It has sons and be better servants of the stockholders and the felt all the impulses of change, but has not yet plucked the community at large.
Michael C. Kerr.- Just as we go to press, the telegraph | elected City Attorney, and in 1855 Prosecuting Attorney of announces the death of the Speaker of the United States Floyd County. From this time his course was one of steady House of Representatives, and we seel constrained to offer a and quick advancement. In 1856 he was elected a member sincere, though brief, tribute to the honest man and worthy of the Indiana Legislature, and reēlected the following politician whom even his political opponents respected and year. In 1862 he was chosen reporter for the Supreme esteemed. Mr. Kerr was a native of Pennsylvania, having Court of Indiana, and in 1864 was clected a Democratic been born near Titusville, Crawford County, on the 15th of member of the Thirty-ninth Congress. March, 1827. His father was a farmer, but appears not to have He was reělected to the Fortieth and Forty-first Congress; been very fortunate, for, in 1852, he was compelled to sell his served at different times on several important committees, farm;
he received $9,500 sør it, and within four years the and on the assembling of the session of Congress just adsame land sold for a quarter of a million of dollars, oil having journed, was elected Speaker. The popular wave of slander, been discovered thereon in the interval. Mr. Kerr was what through the lips of one Lawrence llarney, touched him, but is called a self-made man. After passing through the village did not hurt his character, though doubtless, in the critical school, he went to the Erie Academy, and graduated at the state of his health, it hurt his body and mind. Early this age of 18 years. He gave a sew years to teaching, and soon summer he went to Rockbridge Alum Springs, Virginia, married a Miss Coover, a school-teacher of Frie, whose good hoping the mountain air might revive his energy, but it was judgment and ambition are said to have been of great ser- too late.
The steady strain had been too long endured, and vice to her husband in his upward career. Later he went aster protracted and intense suffering, patiently, calmly and West, entered the Louisville University, and graduated in bravely borne, he died at Rockbridge on the evening of 19th 1851. In 1852 he removed to New Albany, Indiana, which of August, at ewenty minutes past seven o'clock, and his rewas his place
residence till he died. In New Albany he mains, after due honors, are to be borne for interment to the began the study and practice of the law. In 1854 he was scenes of his young manhood and his successful years.
The appearance of a view of the Curtis House, neighbors. The dwellings of the first settlers Jamaica Plain, and the paper on the subject in the there were doubtless built chiefly of logs, with March number of the Monthly, has called into thatched roofs. In 1664, when there were ninety notice another candidate of a similar character for houses there, only four of them were valued as the honor of great longevity and of long family oc- high as one hundred dollars. The greater number cupation. It is the Fairbanks House, in Dedham, were worth from fifteen to fifty dollars each. Massachusetts, which was built in 1636, three or When the first rude village of Dedham was four years before the erection of the Curtis House, built there were very few carpenters and masons at Jamaica Plain. It has been occupied by the in the colony of Massachusetts Bay, and there Fairbanks family, in successive generations, ever was no saw-mill there. One was erected two or since it was built until now; and it is yet a substan- | three years later at the falls of the Piscataqua, tial and comfortable dwelling-house. I am in- now in New Hampshire; but the town of Dedham debted to Mr. Eben. N. Hewins, of Dedham, and did not possess one until 1664, when Joshua the Norfolk County Gazette for considerable in- Fisher erected one on the Neponset River. The formation concerning the house, the family and first flouring-mill there run by water was built in the locality.
1640. Almost every family had brought with Dedham is a pleasant village situated on a plain them small hand-mills with stones about two feet bordering on the Charles River, about ten miles in diameter, for grinding their grain. southwest from Boston and containing eight thou- The only boards that these first settlers used sand inhabitants. It is the shire town of Norfolk were sawed by hand with a cross-cut saw worked County. It is connected with Boston by a branch by two men. That the roofs were combustible is of the Boston and Providence railway, and is a attested by an ordinance of the town, which refavorite place of residence for the business men of quired the owner of every house to have a ladder the New England metropolis.
continually fixed, extending from the ground to The settlement of Dedham was begun in 1635, the chimney, for use in case of fire. By a law, when the General Court of Massachusetts, sitting suggested by the danger to be apprehended from at Newtown (now Cambridge), granted land on hostile Indians that were roving the forests, the both sides of the Charles River for the purpose ; settlers were required to build their houses near and the first recorded public meeting was held to each other, and for this purpose the land was there at the middle of August, 1636, when the divided into narrow lots extending from the upgrantees, nineteen in number, bound themselves lands across the meadows to the river. The neby a covenant, each “ to give information con- cessity for adhering to this law continued full fifty cerning every person who applied for admission, years. When the inhabitants felt that they could to submit to such fines as might be imposed for live in safety from the inroads of savages, on their the violation of rules, and to obey all such by- farms, they built houses on them, and the town. laws and regulations as the inhabitants shall judge ship was soon dotted with isolated dwellings. necessary for the management of their temporal In the course of about seventy years, this rude affairs, for religion, and for loving society." village was abandoned, and the then stately Fair
The first settlers at Dedham were principally banks House was the only one that remained and from Watertown, a swarming New England hive was occupied. When, in 1793, Dedham became
, not far off; the remainder were chiefly from Bos- the shire town, the parent village budded and ton.
Among the latter was John Fairbanks, a blossomed in the presence of the Fairbanks House, native of Staffordshire, England, who came to the then one hundred and fifty-seven years old. The New England capital in 1633. He appears to first place for the public worship of Almighty have been a man of substance in temporal affairs, God, in which the principal seat was assigned to for when he built his mansion in Dedham, three the largest taxpayer, had been torn down over years after his arrival, it far outshone in elegance one hundred and twenty years before, and a larger and was much more spacious than those of his one, with galleries in which the men were seated
on one side and the women on the other, with Sunday morning, when the family went to public boys and girls in front, had been erected on its worship, with the assurance, from long experience, site.
that they would be baked to a nicety on their reThe Fairbanks House has always stood alone in turn. In that kitchen may be seen a huge beam, its dignity. Its external appearance is well de extending from the chimney across the room, and lineated in the engraving at the head of this from this smaller beams, like ribs from a backpaper, as it appears now, with a more modern bone, extend at right angles. addition. It is on the eastern slope of a hill, The little parlor or sitting-room of the Fair. with the land falling off west and south of it banks House is lighter than the kitchen, for the into low meadow, and is surrounded by a number latter is dingy with the smoke of centuries of wood of venerable elms of noble stature. Its ancient burning there. The parlor is furnished with quaint
| high and steep roof, off which the heavy snow- pieces. The ceiling, like that of the kitchen, is falls might readily slide, is gray with moss, but its low. Much of the broad fireplace built at the betimbers are as strong as when John Fairbanks ginning has been bricked up, and one of modern first set up the posts and laid the sleepers. The form and moderate size is now used. There may shingles that form the outer covering of the roof be seen ancient brass-mounted andirons, with and the clapboards that cover its sides, all gray shovels, tongs and bellows to match. In one corwith age, are young compared to its huge timbers ner of the room is a chest in which old crockery within, for they form a part of a series of suc- is carefully treasured. Among the pieces are some cessive coverings which have been pui on in the blue and white china plates, and two cups that be. course of its life of two hundred and forty years.longed to John Fairbanks, the first owner of the No paint has ever defaced the old dwelling. In house. There are newer sets of china that belonged simple truthfulness to nature it stands, in the to later generations, the newest of which is seventy modest and honest neutral tint with which the years of age. fingers of decay touch wood exposed to the This ancient dwelling stands near East street, in storms, and showers, and sunshine, rebuking by Dedham, and the addition made to it is seen on its perfect harmony with the surrounding trees the right of the great tree in the picture. That and shrubbery and grass the wretched taste that addition is one hundred and fifty years old. The dapples our rural regions with discordant, staring, drawing of the building was made from East street, intrusive white houses, with the ever-present green south of Railroad street, A writer in the Norfolk window-blinds. If paint must be used for its pre- County Gazette, who visited the house three or four serving qualities, good taste demands that some months ago, gives us some graphic sketches of the subdued and harmonious color-gray, light-brown, present occupants of the mansion and things that or drab—should be employed, with no strong con- may be seen there. The occupants are two maiden trasts of shade. The colors of the whole structure sisters, Miss Sarah and Nancy Fairbanks, aged should so intermingle with surrounding tints and respectively eighty-one and eighty-six years. They the blue above that they may seem to melt into are lineal descendants of the first settler, John perfect accord, like sweet melody.
Fairbanks, and were born and have always lived The Fairbanks House has quaint-looking win- in that house. One of them is feeble, the other is dows with small panes of glass, the whole of them robust in mind and body. That visitor saw there, set low in the walls. The large portal swings into hanging upon hooks in the great beam in the a narrow passage, from which one may enter the kitchen, the family gun, an old-fashioned Aint-lock parlor or the kitchen by side doors. In that house musket, with a barrel nearly five feet in length, and, the plasterer never plied his vocation..
par- with the stock, it stands six feet three inches in titions are all made of boards, and the sides of the height. The stock extends nearly to the muzzle. rooms are wainscoted. The great chimney-stack It was owned by the original settler, who bestands in the centre of the house, where there were queathed it to his son Joshua. It has descended once huge fireplaces for burning superabundant in regular order from father to son. One of the wood. On one side of the kitchen fireplace an present occupants heard her grandfather give it, in oven has been built, and on the other side a flue solemn trust, to her father, saying : “Eben, never for a stove-pipe. Into that oven the dwellers a part with the long gun; keep it in the place where hundred years ago used to put a pot of beans on a grandfather put it.” There it has remained.