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“Uncle Sam” intends to pull be without delay treated on the the chestnuts out of the fire for lines indicated above, and not us; but they will do their fair held—as it is now—merely at share of chestnut-pulling, and the pleasure of a foreign Power if necessary, of bear-baiting, if whose interests in North China we give them the lead by mak- are not precisely the same as ing a firm stand in Northern China. This can only be done Russia is our very dear friend by constructing a defensible at present: she wants peace harbour at Wei-hai-wei, and badly (also “at present”): her adequately fortifying the island. strategic railways
not The command of the sea must finished, and Port Arthur is also be maintained : that goes dependent for its supplies by without saying, in the case of sea routes. But is it certain such an isolated position. Shall that she will always want we do this? Or shall we let our peace ? And has she not proved case go by default ?
herself capable of tearing up The main consideration of treaties when they become the problem is that of time. inconvenient ? Moreover, we If the breakwater is
know that she respects force. menced at once, it is almost Under these circumstances, it certain that a splendid defen- seems to us that if we really sible harbour can be completed mean
trade (and the island can certainly interests in North China, and be adequately fortified) before not merely play a game of bluff, Russia can complete her stra- it will be wise to put Wei-haitegic railways, or be ready for wei in such a condition that it an advance on Peking. Are can be held in war as well as in there any political or inter- peace. Now is the time to act. national reasons for hesitation The course is clear, and delays or delay? We are willing, like are dangerous. Mr Punch's rustic, to admit that Before closing these remarks Lord Salisbury may have some we desire to say a few words information that we have not as to the climate of Wei-hai-wei, got. We do not profess to be in for that must always be an imthe secrets of the Cabinets of portant point to consider in Europe, and they would not be the establishment of any naval safe for a moment if we were, station. Well, to begin with, for we have no faith in
we should consider it a downbut the problem appears to be right insult to Wei-hai-wei to fairly simple. Either we mean compare it to Hong-kong, where to defend our trade interests in we have our principal naval, Northern China or we do not. and only military, hospitals. If we do not, the sooner we And as to Yokohama, where evacuate Wei - hai - wei the
now have our auxiliary better, as the game is only one naval hospital and sanitarium, of bluff: but if we do mean the climate, though fine on the to defend those interests, it is whole, is very hot and relaxing essential that the place should in summer, and not to be com
pared to that of Wei-hai-wei. a fortnight. They last In short, we believe the clim- generally from one to three ate of Wei-hai-wei to be the days, and sometimes bring a healthiest in the world, and we little snow with them : they speak with some experience. blow from west round to north, It is never too hot in summer; and they are decidedly unthere is always a cool breeze pleasant, the air being keen to temper the heat. The spring and cutting, but quite dry. and autumn are magnificent. Between these blizzards the There is an adequate rainfall, weather is simply magnificent but it does not go dribbling - more like the Riviera in on for days together as it does winter than any other climate in the British Isles; it comes we have ever seen, but superior down with a good swish, and to the Riviera in that the air then clears up and the is drier and more bracing, and shines brightly.
And as to the sunshine, if possible, more winter—the dreaded arctic win- brilliant. ter of Northern China that one The soil of the island at hears so much about, - it is Wei-hai-wei (and also of the
undoubtedly cold at Wei-hai- mainland) is extremely fertile. wei for about four months in The whole southern slope of the the year, but it is a bright, island could be turned into a clear, dry, bracing cold ; no vineyard, or a fruit-garden if fogs, no rain, and very little preferred. Vineyards have been snow. Europeans living at started at Chefoo on a considerChefoo (which is about forty able scale, under both French miles from Wei-hai-wei, and in and German management, and the same latitude) say that with every prospect of success. the winter of 1898-99 was an The Chefoo pears are famous exceptionally mild one. That all over China ; the cultivation may be so, but even if greater of them started about cold is sometimes experienced, thirty years ago by an American all accounts seem to indicate missionary. that the general characteristics To sum up then : Wei-haiof the weather are as described wei can be turned into a paraabove.
dise, a sanitarium, and a fortified During the winter of 1898- harbour; but it cannot be held 99 there were occasional bliz- a secondary naval base in zards—an average perhaps of time of war.
INDEX TO VOL. CLXV.
Abdul-Hamid, Sultan, friendship of,
YEARS OF NAVAL SERVICE, 853.
America, war between Northern and
of the earlier, 585 et seq.
ANNO DOMINI, 351.
APOLOGY, A BIRTHDAY LETTER OF, 312.
trait of, 94-Dr Munro's treatment
AT THE BACK OF BEYOND, 669.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A CHILD, Chapters
BUCHANAN, Under the Beard of, 264.
Byng, Admiral, the execution of, 466.
California, first discoveries of gold in,
BACK OF BEYOND, AT THE, 669.
Bonneville, Captain, adventures of, as a
Borgu, claim of the Royal Niger Com-
'Campaign in the Philippines, the,' by
Colonel Don F. Monteverde, notice of,
BIRTHDAY LETTER OF APOLOGY, a, 312.
BORGU, THE STRUGGLE FOR: AN UN-
WRITTEN CHAPTER OF HISTORY, 605.
Brackenbury, General Sir H., reminis-
Brackenbury, the family of, 376 et seq.
DARKNESS, THE HEART OF, 193, 479,
Dawson City, winter in, 994 et seq.—an
Colley, Sir George Pomeroy-, labours of,
CORPORAL LACOSTE, THE SWORD OF,
Crater Lake, in Alaska, description of,
CUTTIN' RUSHES, 894.
DAISY, HIS, 833.
Dargai, the Gurkha Scouts at the attack
DAYS, BYGONE, 461.
Delhi, siege of, share taken by Hodson's
Dyea, the Indian village of, 782.
Erebus and Terror, Antarctic explora-
Esterhazy, the handwriting of, in the
tian Science into England by, 846-
'Figaro,' revelations of the, in the Drey-
FORGOTTEN PURITAN COLONY, a, 868.
Fox, Charles James, Sir George Trevel-
French prize-ships, capture of, 926.
FROM THE NEW GIBBON, 241.
FULFILMENT, THE GIFT OF AN AL-
FUR TRADE, ROMANCE OF THE: THE
GAME-FISH RIVER, THE THAMES AS A,
Game sanctuaries, establishment of, in
GIRL, THE KENTUCKY, 1030.
Great Divide, view from the, 553.
GEORGE BORROW, 724.
"Gay Lord Quex, the," success of the Ivory, the African traffic in, 89 et seq.
George III. and his Ministry, Sir George
GIBBON, FROM THE NEW, 241.
HEART OF DARKNESS, THE, 193, 479,
HIS DAISY, 833.
"History of Scotland' by P. Hume
Hume Brown, P., 'History of Scotland'
Icy region, the, of the Klondike, 992.
the East India Company to the Crown,
'Isabel Carnaby' by Miss Fowler, notice
'John Splendid: the Tale of a Poor
'Journal to Stella,' Dean Swift's, 74
Journalism, the new, features of, 508
Katipunan, or League, the, a secret
KLONDIKE, PIONEERING IN, 781, 986.
Knapp, Dr, Life of George Borrow by,
LAD, THE OULD, 1037.
Leipsic, account of the battle of, 704—
Liberal party, conditions of the, 457
'Life of Charles Stewart Parnell' by
'Life of Sir George Pomeroy-Colley'
by Lieut. Gen. Sir W. F. Butler,
'Life of William Shakespeare' by