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PAST AND PRESENT

BY

THOMAS CARLYLE.

Ernst ist das Leben.

SCHILLER.

LONDON: CHAPMAN AND HALL, LD.

1896

THE SHILLING EDITION OF

THOMAS CARLYLE'S WORKS

COMPLETE.

SARTOR RESARTUS, 1 Vol. With Portrait of Thomas Carlyle.

FRENCH REVOLUTION. A History. 3 Vols.

PAST AND PRESENT, 1 Vol.

ON HEROES AND HERO WORSHIP, AND THE HEROIC IN HISTORY, 1 Vol.

THE LIFE OF SCHILLER, AND EXAMINATION OF HIS WORKS, 1 Vol.

OLIVER CROMWELL'S LETTERS AND SPEECHES, 5 Vols. With Portrait of Oliver Cromwell.

CRITICAL AND MISCELLANEOUS ESSAYS, 7 Vols. WILHELM MEISTER, 3 Vols.

LATTER-DAY PAMPHLETS.

LIFE OF JOHN STERLING.

HISTORY OF FREDERICK THE GREAT, 10 Vols.
TRANSLATIONS

RICHTER, 2 Vols.

FROM MUSÆUS, TIECK, AND

THE EARLY KINGS OF NORWAY; Essay on the Portraits

of Knox, and General Index.

261AY1953

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PAST AND PRESENT.

BOOK FIRST.

PROEM.

CHAPTER I.

MIDAS.

THE condition of England, on which many pamphlets are now in the course of publication, and many thoughts unpublished are going on in every reflective head, is justly regarded as one of the most ominous, and withal one of the strangest, ever seen in this world. England is full of wealth, of multifarious produce, supply for human want in every kind; yet England is dying of inanition. With unabated bounty the land of England blooms and grows; waving with yellow harvests; thick-studded with workshops, industrial implements, with fifteen millions of workers, understood to be the strongest, the cunningest and the willingest our Earth ever had; these men are here; the work they have done, the fruit they have realised is here, abundant, exuberant on every hand of us and behold, some baleful fiat as of Enchantment has gone forth, saying, "Touch it not, ye workers, ye master-workers, ye master-idlers; none of you can touch it, no man of you shall be the better for it; this is enchanted fruit !" On the poor workers such fiat falls first, in its rudest shape; but on the rich master-workers too it falls ; neither can the rich master-idlers, nor any richest or highest

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