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- NEW
UNIVERSAL GAZETTEER,

GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY,

CONTAINING

A DESCRIPTION OF THE WARIOUS COUNTRIES, PROVINCES, CITIES, Towns, SEAS,

LAKES, RIVERS, MOUNTAINS, CAPES, &c.

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containING AN Account of THE MONIE8, weights AND MEASUREs of various count RIES, witH
TABLES ILLUSTRATING THE POPULATION, COMMERCE, AND RESOURCES OF THE UNITED STATES.

ACCOMPANIED WITH AN ATLAS.

BY JEDIDIAH MORSE, D. D. A. A. S. S. H. S.
- AND
RICHARD C. MoRSE, A. M.

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BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the eighth day of August, in the forty-sixth

so s o year of the Independence of the United States of America, JEDIDIAH MoRSE, and o S É)RICHARD C. MoRSE, of the said District, have deposited in this Office the title of a o #!o Book,the right whereof they claim as Authors and Proprietors, in the words following,

to wit:—“A New Universal Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, containing a description of the various countries, provinces, cities, towns, seas, lakes, rivers, mountains, capes, &c. in the known world. With an Appendix, containing an account of the monies, weights and measures of various countries, with tables illustrating the population, commerce, and resources of the United States. Accompanied with an Atlas. By Jedidiah Morse, D. D. A. A. S. S. H. S. and Richard C. Morse, A. M. Third edition, revised and corrected.” In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “An Act for the encouragement of

learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned.”

CHARLES A. INGERSOLL, Clerk of the District of Connecticut. A true copy of Record, examined and sealed by me,

CHARLESA, INGERSOLL, Clerk of the District of Connecticut.

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THE basis of the present volume, so far as relates to the Eastern Continent, is the New Edinburgh Gazetteer, in six volumes, “executed by six different authors of literary eminence, each taking a separate department.” This work is an ample digest of the most valuable geographical materials recently published in Great Britain, and appears generally to have faithfully noticed all the modern changes; a point of the more importance, since the common Gazetteers published in England still continue the insertion of obsolete divisions, and even describe the most noted kingdoms with boundaries which have long since ceased to exist. Besides the information derived from the Edinburgh Gazetteer, the articles of the Eastern Continent have been improved from a variety of sources, particularly from the works of the best German geographers. In regard to our own country, the principal dependence in respect to what may be called permanent geography, has been on the various geographical works of the senior author; the information in which has been gradually collected during a space of more than thirty years, partly by correspondence with gentlemen of the first intelligence in the various States, and partly by consultation of standard works, as they have appeared from time to time. Much information has also been recently collected by correspondence, and extensive personal travels. The valuable works which have lately been published on various parts of the country, have been systematically, and, it is believed, faithfully digested. A catalogue of the publications to which we are principally indebted, is annexed to this preface. Particular attention has been given to the accounts of Missionary Stations. The principal authorities in this department of the work are the London Missionary Register, the Missionary Herald, published in Boston, and the Reports of the several Missionary Societies. Most of the tables in the Appendix, and the principal articles relating to the United States, were prepared by SIDNEY E. MoRSE, A. M. In the tables on the Commerce and Resources of the United States, he derived much assistance from the Statistical works of Pitkin and Seybert; but the statements are generally exhibited in a new form, and are frequently the result of laborious calculations: many of them, also, are brought down to the present time from other sources. Abbreviations, though long since abandoned in Great Britain, are still used by German Geographers, and have been adopted by us. When not carried to excess, they are attended with obvious advantages. In the present volume, they are used only in words of frequent occurrence, and the explanation is generally obvious. New-HAVEN, Argust 8th, 1821.

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