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of Great Britain, but at the same time, I am decidedly of opinion, that if this salutary measure is not adopted, or if Bolivar finds himself incapable of resisting the slaves already in revolt, he will adopt the only alternative left him, to declare the whole of the slaves free, in which case, no force from Europe, much less from Spain, would ever be able to subjugate Venezuela, and the adjoining empire of New Grenada, which two provinces, contain

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63. The divisions of the matter, are marked thus Ş.

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placed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

How Spanish America was incorporated to the crown
of Castile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ib.

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Origin, causes, and prominent features of the first insur-

rections of Spanish America . . . . . . Page 88 to 99

Originated in no want of loyalty . . . . . . . . 100

Not actuated by views of absolute independence . . . . )7

Proved by a parallel with Spain . . . . . . . . . 111
Species of government prescribed by the laws for extra-
ordinary cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . I 14

Features of the first insmrrections in Mexico . . . . 1 18

Despondency the principal cause . . . . . . . . . 121

Conduct of Spain in a similar dilemma . . . . . . 127

Local Juntas in Spanish America, authorized by law and

usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

The object of those established, was reform . . . . . 132

These insurrections not founded on principles of the

French revolution . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Spanish chiefs removed in a quiet manner . . . . . I 38

Cadiz Regency declares war against Caracas. Cause of

the other calamities .. . . . . . . . . . 139

Impolicy of Eugland insuffering this decree to be executed 142

Effects of this decree drive Caracas to independence . . 154

Injustice and impolicy of this war, proved by Spanish
testimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Unwarrantable conduct of the Cadiz government . . 161

New governments of Spain, no legitimate control over

Spanish America . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

charge of ingratitude on the part of Spain, unfounded 174

Spain deprived of her resources, by war with Spanish

America. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

Conduct of the latter arose from substantial grounds . . 182

Regency influenced by Cadiz monopolists . . 193

Degraded state of the Spanish government, proved by

Lord Wellesley . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

British government early notified of the causes of move-

ments in Spanish America . . . . . . . . . 209

Its silence principal cause of all the successive disasters 227

Illiberality on the part of Spain, and coldness on that of

England, gave rise to the most cruel of all wars . 238

England made no timely exertions with the Cortes, on
this subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

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Document A. Governor Picton's address to the inhabitants of the
Spanish maia, containing offers of the British government.
Ditto B. Instructious given by Joseph Napoleon to revolutionize
, Spanish America in his own favour
Ditto C. Remonstrance of the Cabildo of Mexico, explaining the
reasons of a change of government.
Ditto D. Regency war and blockade decree against Caracas.
Ditto E. Letter from the Junta of Caracas to the Marquez de las
Hormazas, explaining the defects of the Spanish system of go-
vernment, in America.’
Ditto F. Letter from the Junta of Caracas to king George III. ex-
plaining the reasons of a change of government.
Ditto G. Plans of Peace and War, sent by the insurrectional Junta
of New Spain to the viceroy of Mexico.
Ditto H. Description of the Mita in Peru.
Ditto I. Correspondence between the Governor of Curaçoa, and
Gcneral Bolivar of Caracas, respecting Spanish prisoners.
Ditto J. An account of the horrors committing in Caracas, and their
fatal consequences to all the West Indies.

..W.B. It has been thought better to ask the indulgence of the reader,
for the typographical errors, originating out of the hurry of publica-
tion, than to burden him with an errata list.

London : Printed by W. Gli NDON, Rupert-street, Haymarket.

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